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4.3.8 DPSIR

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4 3 8 dpsir phases

The DPSIR framework has been adopted by the European Environment Agency. It is a general framework for organising information about state of the environment by identifying:

  • Driving forces elements that have an influence on the system and that we cannot easily change (e.g. climate change, growth population)
  • Pressures Human activities (e.g. urban development, tourism)
  • State of the environment Changes actually observed (e.g. shift in ecology)
  • Impacts Direct and indirect consequences of the pressures (e.g. loss of biodiversity)
  • Responses actions or measures implemented to avoid the negative impacts or take advantage of new opportunities (e.g. new management measures)


Time: many weeks to many months
Technical level: 1 /4


Example of DPSIR identified on a marine site
4 3 8 dpsir example


Once the DPSIR elements are identified, they need to be linked. Thereby, the DPSIR is a useful tool to represent the cause-effect relationships between interacting components of social, economic, and environmental systems. This framework can encourage and support decision-making by pointing to the steps where it is possible to act to improve the situation (e.g. take new management measures, create partnerships).

4 3 8 dpsir links



Publication in the International Journal of Sustainable Development & World Ecology

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